Seed banks have proven to be excellent when it comes to conserving genetic resources of crops. They are the most efficient method of biodiversity preservation in the ex-situ (out of site) process. Even an average farmer must consider using one of the cheapest seed bank. It is always logical to find out more about the practical uses of storage methods like seed banks.
Seed banks for food security
It is important to note that staple crops such as rice and wheat are not found in the wilderness anymore. Plants of similar species are still present in jungle areas, but they are not fit for human consumption. At the same time, many varieties of cash crops and food crops will be impossible to cultivate if they are lost. So, preserving as many species as possible will be the prudent way ahead.
Purity of genetics
Crops will not remain viable if they do not have the required nutritional content. As a result, efforts should be made to conserve seeds which can transform into plants of supreme quality. Regenerating agricultural species of inferior standards will be a problematic issue. So, scientists at seed banks must examine the material before allocating space for storage.
Survival of the fittest
One must understand that preservation using seed banks is not an inexpensive process. If seeds are to be protected for decades and centuries, then a lot of money needs to spent on equipment as well as electricity. Maintaining such cold temperatures requires constant monitoring. So, skilled staff should be present to take care of the job. In today’s times, people with desired skills are tough to find. And they need to be paid very well. Salaries will add on to the overall budget.
Evolutions and accessions
When it comes to domesticated crops, the process of modification in various features is relatively rapid. Wild plants take much longer to adapt according to the climatic conditions. Scientific experiments have also contributed significantly to the multiple changes that have happened in features of crops.
Adverse effects of cross-pollination
Mixing of different types of accessions can create havoc on the quality of top-notch crops. It is vital that appropriate steps are taken to avoid such events. At times, different varieties of seeds get mixed up during the time of storage. Trained and professional people should always do the job of storing seeds because there are always possibilities of some accidents. Avoiding unintended mixing is of great essence at this point.
How long can it work?
One must not forget that seeds keep on losing their viability with time. Even when proper care and caution is taken regarding maintenance of temperature, seeds may turn bad. It is vital that scientists estimate the lifespan of seeds of all valuable species.
At the same time, they must be planted before all their worth turns to dust. There is no point in using resources on seeds if they fail to germinate when needed. Timely plantation will be the best thing that you can do to keep valuable seeds viable.